2015:24. ZVT. Paul Topping, the Canadian Ministry of Transport. GotMoS.

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Listen to the interview with Paul Topping, the Canadian Ministry of Transport or read the transcript below.

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– Mr Paul Topping, thank you for participating at this Motorways of the Sea conference. Can you please introduce yourself?

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– Thank you, I’d be delighted. My name is Paul Topping and I’m the manager of environmental protection at Transport Canada, Canada’s Ministry of Transport. I administer Canadian requirements for the North-American emission control area as well as all of the MARPOL Convention requirements in Canada as well as ballast water requirements.

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– Thank you. Please give a short resume from your held presentation.

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– I provided an overview of what we are doing in Canada to implement the North-American emission control area in partnership with the United States and France, and how we’re taking a monitoring and enforcement approach. I also provided a bit of background on as to why we are doing it and the benefit that Canada receives in excess of 1.1 billion dollars a year in savings of public health care costs that was the principal driver for us doing it. We noted that the industry now has an advantage of low fuel prices to affect the change-over, but we know that those prices aren’t going to be around forever, so we’ve also been looking on alternative technologies, particularly for the sectors that operate in the emission control area all the time, versus those that can come in and those that can go out.

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– What is the next upcoming maritime issue that will be discussed in a global perspective and in a regional perspective?

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– Globally, there are two issues. The biggest one I think will be, in the near term, will be the outcome of the Paris and climate change discussions at IMO. They will look at what future steps the IMO can possibly take. The next thing, both globally and somewhat regionally, is the 2020 or 2025 shift in sulphur content from 3.5% down to 0.5% for fuels used by the entire world’s fleet. Emission control area states are positioned to be competitive in that area as they’re already adopting the 0.1%, so the technology and approaches that are being adopted now are readying those companies for 2020. In Canada, we’re taking the view that this is likely to be confirmed in 2020. There is a study that is underway to look at fuel and look at the availability of compliant fuel, and I think what will happen at IMO is that will also coincide with fuel quality, that’s another issue that’s emerging at IMO. But in terms of compliant fuel, globally the fuel supply is present, but I think what the study will highlight is where challenges may be in certain local markets.

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– And in a regional perspective?

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– The regional perspective will be within emission control areas I believe, the adoption of the alternative approaches, the adoption of scrubbers and LNG, they’re still nascent technologies. It’s still new. There’s no type of proved systems out there in the conventional sense that’s off-the-shelf that can be fitted. It’s all new technology we’re adopting and with that there’s always risk of failure. There’s going to be failures and things that don’t work as expected, and there will be things that work as well, and it’s building on that to develop the information as how things then can work and again, we’re doing that now so I think ECA states are positioned well before 2020.

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– To learn from other transport modes, what do you think is the primary issue, if any, that shipping as a transport mode should look further into?

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– I think energy efficiency is probably one of the bigger issues when you’re looking at it collaboratively with other transport modes. The classic pollutant source, we’re grappling with sulphur and nitrogen oxide controls that are bringing shipping towards where other transport modes are already there, but when you look at energy efficiency I think we’re working at the same pace as the other transport modes. Shipping actually being already a very efficient...

Dec 21, 2015, 07:19 PM
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