Civil Wars: A History in Ideas by David Armitage PART 3 of 3.

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Description English: 'The Battle of Gettysburg', also known as the Gettysburg Cyclorama, is a cyclorama painting by the French artist Paul Philippoteaux depicting "Pickett's Charge", the climactic Confederate attack on the Union forces on Cemetery Ridge during the Battle of Gettysburg on Friday afternoon July 3, 1863.

The section of the Cyclorama shown above depicts Confederate General Lewis Armistead struck by rifle fire while leading his brigade in a break-through of the Union infantry line on Cemetery Ridge at an area known as "The Angle".

Armistead's brigade arrived at Gettysburg on the evening of July 2nd. As part of the Pickett-Pettigrew Charge on the 3rd, Armistead led his brigade from the front on foot (not on a horse as portrayed above), waving his hat from the tip of his saber, and reaching and climbing over the stone wall at the "Angle", which served as the Charge's objective.

Armistead was shot three times just after crossing the stone wall. However, his wounds were initially not believed to be mortal, being shot in the fleshy part of the arm and below the knee. He was eventually taken to a Union field hospital at the George Spangler Farm where he died two days later. The chief surgeon at the Union hospital there had expected Armistead to survive because he characterized the two bullet wounds as not serious. He wrote that the death "was not from his wounds directly, but from secondary fever and prostration".

Image at 7:15 pm July 28, 2012, by Ron Cogswell using a hand-held Nikon D80 at 1/6 sec., f/3.5, ISO 400, and 18 mm, during an after-hours presentation on the Gettysburg Cyclorama conducted by Chris Brennaman.

Date Painting:1883

Photograph: 2012-07-28

Source http://www.flickr.com/photos/22711505@N05/7694930148/

Author Ron Cogswell

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Civil Wars: A History in Ideas by David Armitage PART 3 of 3.

"Compact and intensely thought-provoking...densely researched and smoothly written, [Civil Wars] is a pointed attempt to understand the nature of civil war by understanding its history...Armitage traces the broad outlines of Rome's many civil wars and briskly moves his narrative forward through the centuries, looking at how the conflicts were theorized by thinkers like Hobbes, Locke, and Algernon Sidney and aphorized by public figures like Voltaire and Montesquieu. Always the narrative is haunted by the stark admission both of the frequency of civil war and of its savagery... “Civil war is an inheritance humanity may not be able to escape,” he writes at the end of his account, but with the help of powerhouse books like this one, there may at least come greater understanding."

–Steve Donoghue, The Christian Science Monitor

"In Civil Wars Armitage traces the evolution of an explosive concept, not to pin down a proper meaning but to show why it remains so slippery...In an era of transnational populism and anti-globalist revolt, this [book] is resonant. The meaning of civil war, as Mr. Armitage shows, is as messy and multifaceted as the conflict it describes. His book offers an illuminating guide through the 2,000-year muddle and does a good job of filling a conspicuous void in the literature of conflict."

–The Economist

“Learned…Indispensable…[Armitage’s] book is a model of its kind: concise, winningly written, clearly laid out, trenchantly argued…His conclusion is sobering: human societies may never be without this kind of conflict, and we’re better off trying to understand it than ignoring its problematic nature. It’s hard to imagine a more timely work for today.”

–Publishers Weekly (starred review)

“A profound contribution to political philosophy.”

–Booklist (starred review)

“A probing examination of the history of civil war and why it matters to define it precisely…an erudite work by a top-shelf scholar.”

–Kirkus Reviews

“Civil wars, bloody and long-lasting, are the worst source of vio...

Aug 12, 05:43 AM
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