"...variations in per-pupil expenditure had little correlation with student outcomes." Eric Hanushek, Paul Peterson, @HooverInst.

Oct 23, 2018, 12:32 AM


(Photo:Unknown or not provided

Record creator Work Projects Administration. Northern California Office. Division of Professional Service Projects. (1936 - 1942)


Photograph: California # 8, May 22 1940, Alameda. Free Nursery Schools. Children at Lunch

Date 22 May 1940

Current location 

National Archives and Records Administration Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q518155

NARA's Pacific Region (San Bruno) (NRHAS), 1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA, 94066-2350.

Record ID 

NARA Logo created 2010.svg This media is available in the holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration, cataloged under the National Archives Identifier (NAID) 296091.

This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

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Record group: Record Group 69: Records of the Work Projects Administration, 1922 - 1944 (National Archives Identifier: 398 )

Series: "This Work Pays Your Community Week" Scrapbook, 1940; Souveniers, Part II of II., compiled 05/20/1940 - 05/25/1940 (National Archives Identifier: 296089 )

File unit: Selected photographs from "This Work Pays Your Community Week" Scrapbook, 1940; Souveniers, Part II of II., 05/20/1940 - 05/25/1940 (National Archives Identifier: 296090 )


Source U.S. National Archives and Records Administration )



Twitter: @BatchelorShow

"...variations in per-pupil expenditure had little correlation with student outcomes."  1 of 2: Eric Hanushek, Paul Peterson, @HooverInst.


"...Coleman found that variations in per-pupil expenditure had little correlation with student outcomes. Although this was one of the key findings of the report, little attention was paid to this inconvenient fact. At the time, the Johnson administration was trumpeting a federally funded compensatory education program that was supposed to equalize educational opportunity by concentrating more funding on students living in low-income neighborhoods. But the finding gradually assumed greater importance in policy debates, as extensive subsequent research engendered by the Coleman Report reinforced this conclusion.

"A defining moment came in the 1970s, when the California Supreme Court in Serrano v. Priest decided that in order to ensure equal educational opportunity for all children, all school districts in California must spend equal amounts per pupil, instigating a wave of school-finance court cases across the country. If expenditures must be equal in order for opportunity to be equal, then the amount spent per pupil must be critically important to student learning. Despite the Coleman findings, the claim that money matters was routinely made in courtrooms in nearly every state, provoking a bevy of research on the effects of school expenditure on student achievement. This is not the place to explore a debate that has relied on a mixture of scientific evidence, professional punditry, and misleading claims. Given the fiscal stakes involved, it is hardly surprising that the conversations have been politically charged and have led to an ongoing battle under the misleading sobriquet “money doesn’t matter...."