Best of Gregory Copley: Democracies run on transactional politics, while monarchies are based on a social contract and endure longer. Gregory Copley, Defense & Foreign Affairs.

Nov 15, 2018, 01:58 AM

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Image: Depiction of Mansa Mūsā, beloved ruler of the Malian Empire in the 14th century, from a 1375 Catalan Atlas of the known world (mapamundi), drawn by Abraham Cresques of Mallorca. Mūsā is shown holding a gold nugget and wearing a European-style crown. Mansa Mūsā was either the son or the grandson of the magnificent, beloved Sundiata.

Mansa Mūsā’s prodigious generosity and piety, as well as his fine clothes and the exemplary behaviour of his followers, did not fail to create a most-favourable impression as he made his way to Mecca. The Cairo that Mansa Mūsā visited was ruled by one of the greatest of the Mamlūk sultans, Al-Malik al-Nāṣir. The black emperor’s great civility notwithstanding, the meeting between the two rulers might have ended in a serious diplomatic incident, for so absorbed was Mansa Mūsā in his religious observances that only with difficulty was he persuaded to pay a formal visit to the sultan. The historian al-ʿUmarī, who visited Cairo twelve years after the emperor’s visit, found the inhabitants of this city, with a population estimated at one million, still singing the praises of Mansa Mūsā. So lavish was the emperor in his spending that he flooded the Cairo market with gold, thereby causing such a decline in its value that the market some dozen years later had still not fully recovered.

. . . The organization and smooth administration of a purely African empire, the founding of the University of Sankore, the expansion of trade in Timbuktu, the architectural innovations in Gao, Timbuktu, and Niani and, indeed, throughout the whole of Mali and in the subsequent Songhai empire are all testimony to Mansa Mūsā’s superior administrative gifts. In addition, the moral and religious principles he had taught his subjects endured after his death.  . . . In the depiction, the section to the right translates as: This Black lord is called Musa Mali, Lord of the Negroes of Guinea. So abundant is the gold which is found in his country that he is the richest and most noble king in all the land. Literally, in the text he’s called musse melly.   www.henry-davis.com 

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Gregory R Copley, author, Sovereignty in the Twenty-first Century; ed and publ of Defense & Foreign Affairs; in re: Monarchy. Governance in the United States.

 Does the US have a constitutional monarch? Yes; that’s what the founding fathers intended; modeled it on Georgian Britain, with the caveat that the king be elected every four years. Imbued its great documents with mystical powers; symbols became iconic & represent the mysticism of the Crown.

More power reposes in US presidential hands than almost any constitutional monarch has had worldwide in the last 500 years – except for the unfortunate fact that US presidents come from political parties, thus are partisan. A monarchy represents the entire nation, whereas a party represents about half of the population.

People ultimately protect their geography and clans – a function of human society. We’re seeing a revival of sovereignty and nationalism because the pendulum of globalism after WWII had swung so very far the opposite direction.

Democracies run on transactional politics, while monarchies are based on a social contract, and endure longer.