Moscow is strategic and purposeful in Ukraine. @AnnaBorsch @WashInstitute Malcolm Hoenlein @Conf_of_pres

Nov 30, 05:02 AM


(Photo:Image from page 595 of "A history of mediaeval and modern Europe for secondary schools" (1914) 

Identifier: historyofmediaev00davi

Title: A history of mediaeval and modern Europe for secondary schools

Year: 1914 (1910s)

Authors: Davis, William Stearns, 1877-1930 McKendrick, Norman Shaw, 1876- jt. auth


Publisher: Boston, New York [etc.] Houghton Mifflin Company

Contributing Library: The Library of Congress

Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress

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the Czarsstatesmen always crave. France, Italy, and Germany havetheir fears and interests in the nearer Orient also. As a resultthe Turkish Empire has been left to misrule and misery: while(especially in the Balkan peninsula) the various Christian 1 Naturally the only government known until lately in Turkey has been anunmitigated despotism; but the Turks have not even made that despotismefficient. There have been capable sultans, but they have been grievously hin-dered in their schemes by the worthless officials through whom they were obligedto work. One of the great difficulties of good government in Turkey has been thefact that the unfriendly races, Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians, Turks, Kurds,Arabs, etc., have all lived mixed in together, in the same city, or in adjacentvillages, and it has been impossible to adjust laws and institutions to the needsof different races in easily separated districts. The Turks have been no rulersto find an outlet to this problem. 54o HISTORY OF EUROPE

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peoples— subject to Turkish tyranny — have time and againturned on their oppressor in bloody uprisings. The revolt of Greece1 was the first move in the ejecting ofthe Turks from Europe. In 1853, Czar Nicholas I of Russia,believing that the Sick Man of Europe (as he styled the sultan) was close to polit-ical death, and that theother Powers would notinterfere, declared war onTurkey and put his armiesin motion. The czar, how-ever, was mistaken in hishopes. France and Eng-land saw their interests inthe East menaced, andcame to the aid of theTurks. The Crimean War2which followed (1854-56)was neither very desperate nor decisive, but the allies provedtoo powerful for the Russians, and they were compelled tomake the. Peace of Paris (1856), which practically left theTurks as they were — of course, with solemn promises bythem of reforms. In 1876, the Christian principality of Servia (a vassal stateof Turkey in the Balkans) declared war on the sultan, allegingsympathy for the cruelties pra

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Moscow is strategic and purposeful in Ukraine. @AnnaBorsch @WashInstitute Malcolm Hoenlein @Confofpres