1/4 @alexwitze. Laki or Lakagígar (Craters of Laki), a volcanic fissure in the south of Iceland, erupted violently between June 1783 & Feb, pouring out 42 billion tons of basalt lava & clouds of poisonous hydrofluoric acid & sulfur dioxide compounds
Photo: A contemporary photo, overview of the second fissure on Fimmvörðuháls, close to Eyjafjallajökull, as the lava flows down towards the north, turning snow into steam.
[Note that ð, the letter "thorn," is pronounced "th," same as in faith or thorn.]
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Island on Fire: The Extraordinary Story of a Forgotten Volcano that Changed the World, by Alexandra Witze and Jeff Kanipe
Can a single explosion change the course of history? An eruption at the end of the 18th century led to years of climate change while igniting famine, disease, even perhaps revolution. Laki is one of Iceland’s most fearsome volcanoes. Laki is Iceland’s largest volcano. Its eruption in 1783 is one of history’s great, untold natural disasters. Spewing out sun-blocking ash and then a poisonous fog for eight long months, the effects of the eruption lingered across the world for years. It caused the deaths of people as far away as the Nile and created catastrophic conditions throughout Europe. Island on Fire is the story not only of a single eruption but the people whose lives it changed, the dawn of modern volcanology, as well as the history―and potential―of other super-volcanoes like Laki around the world. And perhaps most pertinently, in the wake of the eruption of another Icelandic volcano, Eyjafjallajökull, which closed European air space in 2010, acclaimed science writers Witze and Kanipe look at what might transpire should Laki erupt again in our lifetime.