Cry Havoc: 2 OF 2: How the Arms Race Drove the World to War, 1931-1941 by Joseph Maiolo

Dec 29, 2018, 02:04 AM


(PHOTO:English: Aerial bombing of Barcelona, 17 March 1938, by the Italian air force.

Español: Fotografía del bombardeo aéreo de Barcelona el 17 de marzo de 1938, vista desde un bombardero italiano.

Català: Bombardeig d'aire de Barcelona, el 17 de març de 1938, vist des d'un bombarder italià.

Date 7 April 2013, 21:31:07


Author Italian Airforce


(Reusing this file) 

Public domain in the United States. The image was public domain in Italy, the source country as that was where the author or rightholder is a national or domiciliary, on the 1 January 1996. per here. See enwp discussion for PD-reasoning.

Other versions 

Bombardeig sobre Barcelona el 17 març 1938.jpg

Bombardeig sobre Barcelona el 17 març 1938

Carrer d'Aragó 1938.jpg


Public domain

The country of origin of this photograph is Italy. It is in the public domain there because its copyright term has expired. According to Law for the Protection of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights n.633, 22 April 1941 and later revisions, images of people or of aspects, elements and facts of natural or social life, obtained with photographic process or with an analogue one, including reproductions of figurative art and film frames of film stocks (Art. 87) are protected for a period of 20 years from creation (Art. 92). This provision shall not apply to photographs of writings, documents, business papers, material objects, technical drawings  )




Cry Havoc: 2 OF 2: How the Arms Race Drove the World to War, 1931-1941 by Joseph Maiolo

Did the arms race of the 1930s cause the Second World War?

In Cry Havoc, historian Joseph Maiolo shows, in rich and fascinating detail, how the deadly game of the arms race was played out in the decade prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. In this exhaustively researched account, he explores how nations reacted to the moves of their rivals, revealing the thinking of those making the key decisions—Hitler, Mussolini, Chamberlain, Stalin, Roosevelt—and the dilemmas of democratic leaders who seemed to be faced with a choice between defending their nations and preserving their democratic way of life.

An unparalleled account of an era of extreme political tension, Cry Havoc shows how the interwar arms race shaped the outcome of World War II before the shooting even began.