"Armies of Sand:" Arab armies are hobbled by politicization and under development.@AEIfdp Kenneth Pollack Malcolm Hoenlein @Conf_of_pres

Jun 08, 2019, 03:01 AM
Year: 1834 (1830s)
PublisherNew York Harper
Contributing LibraryRobarts - University of Toronto
Text Appearing After Image:
MOHAMMED. HAfiPEK & BROTHERS, NEW-YORK. If-* /iL^ Z/?^ HISTORY OF ARABIA. ANCIENT AND MODERN. CONTAINING A DBSORIPTION OF THE COUNTRY—AN ACCOUNT OF ITS INHABITANTSANTIQUITIES, POLITICAI, CONDITION, AND EARLY COMMERCE—THELIFE AND RELIGION OF MOHAMMED—THE CONQUESTS, ARTS, ANDLITERATURE OF THE SARACENS—THE CAI.IPHS OF DAMASCUS, BAGDAD,AFRICA, AND SPAIN—THE CIVIL GOVERNMENT AND RELIGIOUS CERE-MONIES OF THE MODERN ARABS—ORIGIN AND SUPPRESSION OF THEWAHABEES—THE INSTITUTIONS, CHARACTER, MANNERS, AND CUS-TOMS OF THE BEDOUINS—AND A COMPREHENSIVE VIEW OF ITS NATU-RAL HISTORY. BY ANDREW CRICHTON. WITH A MAP AND EN GRAVING 8.IN TWO VOLUMES. VOL. I. NEW-YORK: PUBLISHED BY HARPER & BROTHERS, NO. 82 CLIFF-STREET. 18 3 4. DS 3 V.I G48138 ^ PREFACE. It has been frequently remarked with surpriseand regret, that while the annals of almost everynation of any political importance have been illus-trated by British talent, no writer has hithertofavoured the world with a regular andhistoryofarabiaa01cricuoft

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Armies of Sand: Arab armies are hobbled by politicization and under development.@AEIfdp  Kenneth Pollack Malcolm Hoenlein @Conf_of_pres


Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness Hardcover – January 15, 2019. by Kenneth M. Pollack  (Author)


Since the Second World War, Arab armed forces have consistently punched below their weight. They have lost many wars that by all rights they should have won, and in their best performances only ever achieved quite modest accomplishments. Over time, soldiers, scholars, and military experts have offered various explanations for this pattern. Reliance on Soviet military methods, the poor civil-military relations of the Arab world, the underdevelopment of the Arab states, and patterns of behavior derived from the wider Arab culture, have all been suggested as the ultimate source of Arab military difficulties.

Armies of Sand, Kenneth M. Pollack's powerful and riveting history of Arab armies from the end of World War Two to the present, assesses these differing explanations and isolates the most important causes. Over the course of the book, he examines the combat performance of fifteen Arab armies and air forces in virtually every Middle Eastern war, from the Jordanians and Syrians in 1948 to Hizballah in 2006 and the Iraqis and ISIS in 2014-2017. He then compares these experiences to the performance of the Argentine, Chadian, Chinese, Cuban, North Korean, and South Vietnamese armed forces in their own combat operations during the twentieth century. The book ultimately concludes that reliance on Soviet doctrine was more of a help than a hindrance to the Arabs. In contrast, politicization and underdevelopment were both important factors limiting Arab military effectiveness, but patterns of behavior derived from the dominant Arab culture was the most important factor of all. Pollack closes with a discussion of the rapid changes occurring across the Arab world-political, economic, and cultural-as well as the rapid evolution in war making as a result of the information revolution. He suggests that because both Arab society and warfare are changing, the problems that have bedeviled Arab armed forces in the past could dissipate or even vanish in the future, with potentially dramatic consequences for the Middle East military balance. Sweeping in its historical coverage and highly accessible, this will be the go-to reference for anyone interested in the history of warfare in the Middle East since 1945.