Image: Cartoon of the Berlin satirical journal Lustige Blätter
. In the Triple Alliance, an adult Germany drags the Austrian boy along, while the Italian child throws a tantrum to stay with the French cockerel
Triple Alliance was an agreement between Germany
, and Italy
. It was formed on 20 May 1882
and renewed periodically until it expired in 1915 during World War I
. Germany and Austria-Hungary had been closely allied
since 1879. Italy was looking for support against France shortly after it lost North African ambitions to the French. Each member promised mutual support in the event of an attack by any other great power
One of the most violent conflicts in the history of civilization, World War I has been strangely forgotten in American culture. It has become a ghostly war fought in a haze of memory, often seen merely as a distant preamble to World War II. In The Long Shadow, the critically-acclaimed historian David Reynolds seeks to broaden our vision by assessing the impact of the Great War across the twentieth century. He shows how events in that turbulent century— especially World War II, the Cold War, and the collapse of Communism—shaped and reshaped attitudes to 1914-18.
By exploring big themes such as democracy and empire, nationalism and capitalism, as well as art and poetry, The Long Shadow is stunningly broad in its historical perspective. Reynolds throws light on the vast expanse of the last century and explains why 1914-18 is a conflict that America is still struggling to comprehend. Forging connections among people, places, and ideas, The Long Shadow ventures across the traditional subcultures of historical scholarship to offer a rich and layered examination not only of politics, diplomacy, and security but also of economics, art, and literature. The result is a magisterial reinterpretation of the place of the Great War in modern history.