Image from page 47 of "Guide to Washington" (1889)
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here Aug. 24,1814, from which victor) the British marched into Washington. Thecelebrated duelling ground is about one mile southeast of the town.It was the site of many bloody contests ; among the most deplorablewas that between Commodores Decatur and Barron in 1S20, inwhich Decatur was mortally wounded. ARLINGTON. Arlington, the location of the National Militarv- Cemetery, issituated on the Virginia shore of the Potomac, about four miles fromWashington. It was orignally the property of Martha Custis Wash-ington, the wife of Genl Washington, and was eventually inheritedby the wife of Genl Robt. E. Lee, who resided at Arlington untilthe beginning of the late war. On account of a failure to pay the direct tax levied by the gov-ernment in 1862, the United States took possession of the property,and on the suggestion of Mr. Lincoln part of the estate was made amilitar> cemetery. A suit was brought by a member of the Leefamily after the war, for the recovery of the property, in which the
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Government was defeated. It was finally purchased by the Govern-ment from George Washington Park Custis, for $150,000. Arlingtonnow contains tiic graves of 11,915 Union soldiers. MT. VERNON. Mt. Vernon, the home of Washington, is situated on the westernbank of the Potomac, about sixteen miles from Washington. In 1856 The Mount Vernon Ladies Association of the Unionwas incorporated for the purpose of securing the mansion and con-tiguous grounds of Mt. Vernon. Their object is to restore the mansion and grounds as far as pos-sible to their original condition. Numerous relics and other remem-brances of Washington will be found within the building, whichstands near the brow of a sloping hill about one hundred and twenty-five feet above the river. The adjacent grounds are beautifullywooded with choice shade trees, planted by Washington when ayoung man. The estate originally contained 8coo acres, but after the death ofWashington numerous tracts were sf)Id by his heirs from time to time,until
"Mr. President": 1of4: George Washington and the Making of the Nation's Highest Office Kindle Edition. by Harlow Giles Unger (Author) Format: Kindle Edition
Although the framers gave the president little authority, George Washington knew whatever he did would set precedents for generations of future leaders. To ensure their ability to defend the nation, he simply ignored the Constitution when he thought it necessary.
In a revealing new look at the birth of American government, “Mr. President”
describes Washington's presidency in a time of continual crisis, as rebellion and attacks by foreign enemies threatened to destroy this new nation. Constantly weighing preservation of the Union against preservation of individual liberties and states' rights, Washington assumed more power with each crisis. In a series of brilliant but unconstitutional maneuvers he forced Congress to cede control of the four pillars of executive power: war, finance, foreign affairs, and law enforcement.
Drawing on rare documents and letters, Unger shows how Washington combined political cunning and sheer genius to seize ever-widening powers, impose law and order while ensuring individual freedom, and shape the office of President of the United States.