Nigeria fails; Afghanistan failed. Cliff May @FDD

Nov 06, 2021, 12:42 AM

Photo:  Fulani jihad states of Africa, c. 1830

The Sokoto Caliphate (دولة الخلافة في بلاد السودان) was a sovereign Sunni Muslim caliphate in West Africa that was founded during the jihad of the Fulani War in 1804 by Usman dan Fodio. The boundaries of the caliphate make up present-day Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Nigeria [and part of Mali].

The Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria was one of the largest empires in Africa during the 19th century.  The empire developed as a result of the Fulani jihads (holy wars) which took place in the first decade of the 19th century across what is now Northern Nigeria. The Sokoto Caliphate was the center of  politics and economics in the region until it fell to French and British colonial armies in the early 20th Century.
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Nigeria fails; Afghanistan failed.  Cliff May @FDD